Fall in Kashmir
November 4, 2013
The most beautiful colors of the season. Contrasted so beautifully against Jehlum river of Kashmir. The hydrology of the Jhelum River is largely controlled by snowmelt in the spring and the Indian monsoon that brings heavy rains from June to September. The highest flood discharges on the Jhelum exceed 1,000,000 cubic feet (28,300 cubic metres) per second. Little rain falls during the winter, so the river level is substantially lower than than in the summer months. The lower course of the Jhelum has been developed for irrigation and the production of hydroelectric power. The Mangla Dam and Reservoir irrigates about 3 million acres (1.2 million hectares) and has an installed hydroelectric capacity of at least 300 megawatts. The Upper Jhelum Canal leaves the river at Mangla and runs eastward to the Chenab River at Khanki, and the Lower Jhelum Canal starts at Rasul. Both canals are used for irrigation. The Jhelum River is believed to be the Hydaspes mentioned byArrian, Alexander the Great’s historian, and the Bidaspes mentioned by the Egyptian geographer Ptolemy.